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Climate, Average Weather of Afghanistan

  • Of the land area, 17.4% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 29.3% has a arid/ desert climate (BW), 53.2% has a alpine/ highland climate (H).
  • Of the population, 17.6% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 14.8% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 67.6% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Lat Long Alt m(ft) Climate Biome Av Temp Precip
Faiz Abad377'N7031'E1200 (3937)MediterraneanCool temperate steppe14 (57)485 (19)
Mazar-E-Sharif3642'N6712'E378 (1240)Subtropical steppeWarm temperate thorn steppe17 (63)186 (7)
Sheberghan3640'N6543'E360 (1181)Subtropical steppeWarm temperate desert scrub17 (62)231 (9)
Kunduz3640'N6855'E433 (1421)Subtropical steppeWarm temperate dry forest17 (62)323 (13)
Maimana3556'N6446'E815 (2674)MediterraneanCool temperate desert scrub15 (58)356 (14)
North Salang3519'N691'E3366 (11043)TundraBoreal wet forest0 (32)992 (39)
Jabulsaraj358'N6915'E1630 (5348)MediterraneanBoreal wet forest15 (60)462 (18)
Qalai Naw350'N637'E914 (2999)MediterraneanWarm temperate desert scrub15 (60)377 (15)
Bamiyan3449'N6749'E2550 (8366)Mid-latitude desertBoreal wet forest7 (44)133 (5)
Kabul3433'N6913'E1791 (5876)Mid-latitude steppeCool temperate steppe12 (54)312 (12)
Jalal Abad3426'N7028'E580 (1903)Subtropical desertWarm temperate dry forest21 (71)182 (7)
Herat3413'N6213'E964 (3163)Subtropical steppeWarm temperate thorn steppe16 (60)239 (9)
Gardiz3337'N6914'E2350 (7710)SubarcticCool temperate steppe9 (47)316 (12)
Chakhcharan3332'N6516'E2183 (7162)SubarcticCool temperate desert scrub6 (43)204 (8)
Ghazni3332'N6825'E2183 (7162)Mid-latitude steppeCool temperate desert scrub10 (49)297 (12)
Khost3321'N6957'E1146 (3760)Subtropical steppeWarm temperate dry forest17 (63)477 (19)
Trinkot3237'N6552'E1350 (4429)Subtropical steppeWarm temperate desert scrub16 (61)248 (10)
Farah3222'N6211'E700 (2297)Subtropical desertSubtropical desert scrub21 (69)95 (4)
Bust3133'N6422'E780 (2559)Subtropical desertSubtropical desert20 (68)115 (5)
Kandahar3130'N6551'E1010 (3314)Subtropical steppeWarm temperate desert scrub19 (65)191 (8)
Zaranj310'N6151'E478 (1568)Subtropical desertSubtropical desert21 (70)52 (2)
 Afghanistan Average3416'N6643'E1293 (4243)Subtropical steppeWarm temperate desert scrub14 (58)299 (12)

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